The 5th Generation of mobile network technology is expected to offer more bandwidth, higher download speeds, and a higher level of unified connectivity than today’s 4G networks. Its improved performance and broader network coverage will help it compete with the current ISPs and unlock new applications in the IoT and machine-to-machine areas. To learn more about 5G and what it entails, read on.
Despite its many challenges, the potential of 5G is evident from the fact that it aims to enable the fast, efficient and secure connectivity required for the new society. The technology will be a unified platform with better performance in different scenarios, enabling communication service providers to deliver multi-purpose and high-capacity communications. It will support a wider range of spectrum types and bands, as well as traditional macro-cells and new interconnect methods.
In terms of performance, millimeter waves are much more efficient than low-band and medium-band radio waves. However, they do not have the range of high-frequency microwaves, so they require much smaller antennas and street facilities. Despite its potential, 5G is still several years away. It will have a significant impact on how we live today. In addition to providing faster and more reliable connections, 5G is expected to bring new features to our phones, like virtual reality (VR) and RTC capabilities.
Depending on the region, 5G will be available on several frequency bands. In the middle band, 5G will offer higher download speeds compared to 4G. It will also allow for smaller geographic cells. With the right spectrum, 5G will offer speeds in the range of 100-800 Mbps. And the high-band variant will use up to 8 hundred MHz. It will be possible to get 5G speeds on a low-band network in urban areas.
While 5G is far from a reality, research and development organizations are actively pushing it into service. In fact, several of its component technologies have already been on the list of candidate technologies. Despite its high level of development, the 5th Generation of mobile network technology will likely take several years to make its debut outside of the lab. The goal is to deliver high-speed, low-latency service across a broad spectrum.
In addition to bringing the speed, reliability, and flexibility needed for massive IoT, 5G will enable network management features that will align network costs with application requirements. For example, network slicing will allow mobile operators to create multiple virtual networks in the same physical 5G network. This will help mobile operators capture a larger share of the IoT pie. Furthermore, 5G will also enable cost-effective solutions for low-band, low-power applications.
Another exciting aspect of 5G technology is its potential for remote surgery. For example, a touch-sensitive device developed by Professor Mischa Dohler of King’s College London and MIT’s Peter Marshall has already been used in a remote surgery. This robotic device allows the surgeon to feel the sensations of touch and can send real-time localization of hard nodules in soft tissue. Similarly, 5G enables improved remote surgery and remote monitoring.